2 태(Voice) 1.수동태의 용법 2.수동태의 시제 3.문장의 형식과 수동태 4.문장의 종류와 수동태 5.by이외의 전치사를 쓰는 경우6.수동의미의 수동태
3 1.수동태의 용법 ⑴행위자가 불분명할 때 ⑵행위자가 일반인일 때 ⑶구문상 필요할 때 ⑷행위자를 밝히고 싶지 않을 때 He's certainly been murdered.⑵행위자가 일반인일 때This book can be obtained from the public library⑶구문상 필요할 때His best friend was killed by a bomb, which exploded under his car.⑷행위자를 밝히고 싶지 않을 때The original has been destroyed.
4 2.수동태의 시제 ⑴단순수동태(be pp) ⑵완료수동태(have been pp) ⑶진행수동태(be being pp) The shell of an egg is easily broken.⑵완료수동태(have been pp)All flights have been canceled owing to fog.⑶진행수동태(be being pp)You are being asked for on the telephone.
5 3.문장의 형식과 수동태 ⑴ S+V+O형 ⑵ S+V+IO+DO A stone broke the window. ⇒The window ( ) by a stone.⑵ S+V+IO+DOJim gave me a book.⇒I ( ) a book by Jim.⇒A book ( )(to) me by Jim.was brokenwas givenwas given
6 (3)S+V+O+OCI saw her play the piano.⇒She ( ) to play the piano by me.(4)동사구의 수동태They took good care of his books.⇒Good care ( )his books.⇒His books ( ) good care ( ).was seenwas taken ofofwas taken
7 4.문장의 종류와 수동태 ⑴명령문의 수동태(let +O +be + pp) ⇒Let the hot pot be touched. Don't touch the hot pot.⇒Let the hot pot be touched.⇒Don't let the hot pot be touched.⑵의문문의 수동태Who opened the letter?⇒Who(m) was the letter opened by?⇒By whom was the letter opened?
8 5.by이외의 전치사 쓸 때 (1)We were all surprised ( )the news. (2)The room was filled ( ) thick smoke.ex: be interested in, be involved in, be delighted with, be satisfied with,be surrounded with, be covered with,be amazed at, be amused at(by),be frightened at(by), be married toatwith
9 6.수동의미의 능동태 : 중간동사의 경우 (1) These clothes wash well. (2) This surface cleans easily.(3) This book sells well.